In May 2009, Oconee County successfully implemented a citizen-initiated zoning enabling ordinance (ZEO). All land within the county is zoned in the Control Free District (CFD) until rezonings are requested by local citizens. The zoning program outlined in the ordinance allows citizens to request initial rezonings to any of thirteen other base zoning districts
, defining their proposed zoning boundaries by either the "planning district method
" or the "small area method
". The small area method can either be defined as groups of contiguous tax parcels that total 50 acres or more or be defined by the boundaries of one or more platted subdivisions. The ordinance also grants authority to the County Council to rezone any or all parcels, by the county-initiated method
The seventeen planning districts in the county follow the fire district boundaries. Over time, as the majority of citizens in the various parts of the unincorporated areas of Oconee County desire it, the program will increasingly provide the protection and management offered by more traditional zoning regulations.